Sarah Josepha Hale was born on a New Hampshire farm in 1788. She operated a school for seven years before marrying a lawyer and giving birth to five children. Her husband died in 1822, and Hale became a writer in order to support her family. Her first novel, Northwood, published in 1827, met with considerable success. She was hired as editor of a magazine for women, and later, in 1846, hired to serve as editor of Godey's Ladies Book, one of the most popular women's periodicals in the 19th century. In 1879, two years after retiring from Godey's, she died at the age of 91, having spent her life championing the education and development of women through her writing and editorships.
So what does Sarah Josepha Hale have to do with children's literature? From 1834 to 1836, she worked on a children's periodical, Juvenile Miscellany, and she was the first editor to print the stories of Frances Hodgson Burnett, who later wrote such children's classics as The Little Princess and The Secret Garden, but Hale's primary contribution to children's literature is the poem she wrote which was published in the September, 1830 issue of Juvenile Miscellany, which E.V. Lucas, an editor and writer of children's books, proclaimed the "best known four-lined verses in the English language."1
The poem is "Mary's Lamb," a nursery rhyme better known today as "Mary Had a Little Lamb." A number of people claimed to be its author or the original Mary, but Hale said it was based on an incident from her farm childhood which was only "partly true,"2 (Oxford) and, in a letter written shortly before her death, she pointed out that "the incident of an adopted lamb following a child to school has probably occurred many times." 3(Oxford). We have known these verses from before we can remember; here they are again, the "best known four-line verses in the English language." All together now:
It followed her to school one day, That was against the rule;
And then he ran to her, and laid
"What makes the lamb love Mary so?"
"And you each gentle animal
Copyright 2006© Rita Smith
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Monday, 02-Oct-2006 14:14:55 EDT